By Tracy Anne Sachtjen
This undertaking brings jointly an research of local historical past, business capitalism, and U.S. empire to argue that ugliness---much greater than a personal quandary among someone and her mirror---became a style of justifying keep watch over over the folks and locations reworked by way of the industrial methods of nineteenth-century growth. This dissertation engages ugliness as a historic formation to investigate how its repeated invocation in renowned cultures supplied a simple avatar of terrible distinction opposed to which a nationalist physique might be respected. Ugliness distinct a physique so misplaced or outpaced via glossy beliefs that exclusion grew to become the answer to nationalized clash. during this means, metaphors of visual appeal and aesthetic worth buttressed the present rhetoric of enlargement. This undertaking contributes to the learn of nationalist formation and embodiment through illuminating gender as a prop for racial abjection.